In the United Kingdom, in 2004, the Gender Recognition Act (gender validation law), which allows transgender individuals to have the opportunity to have their birth registration corrected without the requirement of surgical operation or any physical application, entered into force.
The situation regarding transsexuals in Belgium and Luxembourg is the same as in Germany. The jurisdiction allows amendment or change by general regulations.
One of the problems that transgender people face is that they are treated differently by society. In this case, the police, criminal courts and execution come into play. In particular, in each case of detention, the problem of behavior in accordance with gender identity and the care problems of the individual arises. One of the very difficult problems for the authorities to solve is the problem of the law on how to put men and women in prison.
The concept of transsexuality refers to an ancient factual situation. For the first time he had sex-change surgery in Turkey’s Bulent Ersoy has come to the attention of society. Worldwide, it was first made in Norway in 1952. With this surgery, American George Jorgensen became a woman and changed her name.
The beginning of surgical applications was aimed at the change of primary lymphoid organs and secondary sex characteristics. This change would extend from ancient Egypt to ancient peoples such as India, in terms of completely eliminating the tendency to have sexual intercourse through methods such as castration. For example, the fertility ritual was held in Sumerians and Anatolia to show people’s devotion to the mother Goddess Cybele. During these rituals, castration ceremonies were held with people who passed out. The eunuch ritual was also performed in honor of the goddess Diana until the Roman Empire period. These practices were primarily applied on slaves under the name of eunuchs or eunuchs in the Middle Ages. These operations performed in unsanitary and unconscious environments would often result in death or the individual’s scrotum (organs located in the pouch in the lower part of the penis); sometimes his penis was removed.
With the advancement of medicine, the risk of death in such operations has also decreased. The operations carried out at the beginning were made by being influenced by social and religious ideas and became a degrading method of punishment. During the Renaissance, a new gender picture developed in the society over time. Following this picture, women’s power gradually increased, and they felt what male-specific gender characteristics were like. Meanwhile, features specific to women also appeared in the masculine sexes. There is no exact date for when the desire to belong to another gender arose in historical context. Baroque and Rococo currents showed that most change and taking on the appearance of the opposite sex was fashionable, and based on this, some doctors had the courage to perform sex reassignment surgery in the 17th and 18th centuries. These surgeries were probably not aimed at making the patient feel better. Doctors carried out these operations in their own interests, to contribute to their scientific experiments. The most well-known example, individuals with the androgynous personality (the individual fulfilling the requirements of the male and female roles) were often presented in markets or circuses under the name of “beast”. It can be inferred from this that primitive instruments are often used in these operations (such as female opera with mustaches, male opera arias with altered voices singing in deep voice).